Language origins

The majority of linguists consider language the very factor discerning human beings from their predecessors within the Animal Kingdom. The origin of language is not known; however, a gene, discovered recently, undoubtedly demonstrates our linguistic abilities. The gift for language is thus likely to be innate rather than an acquired ability. Nonetheless, it remains unclear whether such linguistic abilities have a certain impact on the perception of native – and subsequently foreign – language learning. The link between language and cognition is a topic of ardent discussion. Some scientists believe that linguistic abilities determine our way of thinking, i.e., we think more in words. However, the majority of scientists have opposed this notion. According to N. Chomsky, one of the most prominent contemporary linguists, grammar and word formation frameworks in different languages, which at first sight may seem ‘illogical’ and dissimilar, are in fact consistent and universal for all languages due to common language processing patterns within the human brain. At the dawn of civilization, speech emerged far earlier than writing-the first traces of written language date back as far as 8000 years.
Language is a highly indicative reflection of culture. Thus, Arabic language uses as many as 1000 terms for ‘camel’, whereas the Japanese use a strictly specific style and vocabulary, depending on the social estate or class they belong to.
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